CONTACTTRAFFICABOUT TOM VANDERBILTOTHER WRITING CONTACT ABOUT THE BOOK

Dangerous Roads, or Dangerous Driving?

This piece from Fox News (after the jump as well) claims to identify the “top 10 most dangerous roads in America,” implying as well that stimulus spending might somehow be directed to these corridors of death.

But reading through the piece, the overwhelming impression left with me is not design or infrastructural shortcomings, but driver shortcomings: Speed, alcohol, fatigue.

Top Ten Deadliest Stretches of Road in America

Wednesday, February 11, 2009
By Maxim Lott

* Print
* ShareThis

AP

Oct. 13, 2007: Trucks burn at the exit of a tunnel between Santa Clarita and Los Angeles on one of the deadliest stretches of highway in America.

While Congress is busy hammering out the details of the $838 billion-and-counting economic recovery bill, the 50 states are already releasing their wish lists for the projects they want to see funded. Among those are numerous roads and highways that they want to see improved.

But where do you start? Which pothole do you fill first?

FOXNews.com analyzed data from crash reports over the last five years to determine which stretches of the nation’s roads had the highest number of deadly accidents.

Not too surprisingly, the most populated state, California, had four of the top 10 roads in numbers of fatalities. And three of those top 10 were stretches of the same Interstate — I-10 in California and Arizona.

Click here to see fatality rates on highways in your state.

Eight of the top 10 were in Western states — California, Arizona, Nevada and Texas. The other two roads were in Florida. And all but the last road on the list were major Interstates.

If you live in the neighborhood, you probably already are aware of the danger that lurks ahead. If you don’t, but you’re planning on doing some cross-country travel, be alert:

Roads With the Most Fatalities Over The Last 5 Years, By County

1) 346 deaths: I-15 in San Bernardino County, California

Ironically, many fatalities on this stretch of I-15 may be because the road is so straight and wide.

“That road will put you to sleep,” said Baker Fire Station Chief Dan Tellez, whose station deals with all the emergencies along 75 miles of the highway. “And a lot of people tend to be speeding because it’s so wide and so straight.”

Alcohol also plays a role in this highway’s death toll. “We get a few people driving under the influence, coming from Vegas after partying all night,” Tellez said.

An accident last week killed two people when their car crashed into water barrels lining the freeway.

2) 182 deaths: I-10 in Riverside County, California

Two people were killed and four were injured in a four-car crash here in January, after a pickup truck veered into oncoming traffic.

But don’t blame the road design, local officials say.

“Most of it doesn’t have to do with the road per se,” said California Highway Patrol Public Information Officer Chris Blondon, whose area includes part of I-10 in Riverside. “It more has to do with the drivers. Most of the crashes we see along that area are due to unsafe speeds. They’re going too fast for the road conditions.”

3) 178 deaths: I-10 in Maricopa County, Arizona

A local musician was killed in September after an 18-wheeler turned over in front of him.

State officials say the road is too narrow for the amount of traffic it now handles. Some parts are already being widened, and the state is asking for $61 million in federal stimulus funding to widen the rest of the road and do minor repairs.

“The purpose of the I-10 widening is to transform it from a rural style highway to an urban one,” Arizona Department of Transportation spokesman Timothy Tait said. “Right now it has two lanes in each direction, which is very inadequate for a place like Phoenix.”

4) 158 deaths: I-5 in Los Angeles County, California

On Oct. 12, 2007, a speeding truck crashed into a concrete barrier in a tunnel near Santa Clarita, causing a chain reaction of crashes. Three people were killed and 26 vehicles were destroyed in an inferno that engulfed the tunnel. The fire shut down the highway for two days.

This week, a California Highway Patrol report determined that speeding was the primary cause of the accident — at least 13 of the vehicles were going over the speed limit.

But Saia Motor Freight, the company that owned the truck that started the chain reaction, told the Los Angeles Times that poor lighting conditions in the tunnel and inadequately maintained warning signs were to blame. The California Department of Transportation said it has since improved conditions in the tunnel.

5) 153 deaths: I-45 in Harris County, Texas

A man was killed last month when he was speeding and missed a turn on I-45 near Fuqua. The car rolled over at least twice and ended in a ditch, FOX 26 reported.

State officials say the sheer amount of traffic on the road is the main problem.

“[I-45] is a major traffic corridor through the city of Houston. Whenever you have more cars, you’re going to have more crashes,” said Mark Cross, a spokesman for the Texas Department of Transportation.

The Texas DOT has identified $3 million in safety improvements, such as signs and pavement markings, that it would like to see funded with federal stimulus money.

6) 148 deaths: I-15 in Clark County, Nevada

Two men died in a head-on collision in September, caused by one of the drivers going in the wrong direction on the freeway.

But this road is getting better: Fatalities fell from 39 in 2006 to 19 last year.

Kevin Honea, a trooper with the Nevada Department of Public Safety, attributed the decline in fatalities to increased police activity, which has been particularly focused on this stretch of I-10 going from California to Las Vegas.

“Biggest reason is an increased officer presence out there,” Honea said. “We’ve got a very aggressive group of guys out there…. People see our officers, and they know they had better buckle up.”

Scott Magruder, a spokesman for the Nevada Department of Transportation, said major projects to widen the highway and add an express lane are under way and due for completion next April. Less congestion should improve safety even more, he said, as drivers feel less of a need to weave between lanes.

The state is planning another widening of the road between Tropicana and State Road 160, which would cost up to $250 million. Magruder said funding from the proposed stimulus bill may help pay for that.

7) 131 deaths: I-95 in Palm Beach County, Florida

The driver of a gasoline tanker truck was sentenced to 35 years in prison in December after being found responsible for an accident in which his truck turned over on a car, exploded, and killed four people.

Prosecutors said the driver was going 25 miles per hour over the speed limit and had not taken the mandatory rest breaks for truck drivers.

The Florida Department of Transportation has listed $160 million in additions and repairs to I-95 in its wish list for federal stimulus money.

Tied for 8) 118 deaths: I-10 in Pinal County, Arizona

Local firefighters who respond to calls on the road say a main problem is bored drivers who fall asleep.

“It’s probably one of the straightest sections of I-10 there is,” said Assistant Fire Chief Jim Morgan of the Casa Grande Fire Department. “This stretch of the road is basically the center point between Tuscon and Phoenix. It’s a long-distance trip, and we’re at the middle point…. Most people who survive wrecks usually tell us they were getting fatigued.”

Tied for 8) 118 deaths: I-5 in San Diego County, California

A pregnant woman was killed in January after another car clipped her vehicle while switching lanes. The offending driver will stand trial for speeding and driving recklessly.

10) 102 deaths: US-1 in Miami-Dade County, Florida

A woman was sentenced to three years in jail in 2007 after making a U-turn that led to the death of a motorcyclist. She was also sentenced for possession of cocaine, marijuana and drug paraphernalia.

The state stimulus spending wish list includes over $100 million for US-1, the only non-Interstate road on the list.

[del.icio.us] [Digg] [Facebook] [Google] [MySpace] [Slashdot] [StumbleUpon] [Yahoo!]

This entry was posted on Thursday, February 12th, 2009 at 8:15 am and is filed under Drivers, Risk, Roads, Traffic Engineering. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

4 Responses to “Dangerous Roads, or Dangerous Driving?”

  1. Mike Spack Says:

    Tom,
    I agree with your observation – it appears the motorist is more at fault than the design of the infrastructure or the car in most of the examples cited. I am a traffic engineer and safety is a very serious component of my work. I am wondering if we are hitting the law of diminishing returns on providing safer roads.

    As a nation, we have implemented a lot of the easy/cheap safety solutions in the roads and cars. We need to be vigilant about this low hanging fruit. But as a society, if we are to the point where highway safety improvements cost $1,000,000 (made up number) to save one more life should we weigh that against other ways to save lives? Maybe there are medical or emergency response solutions that end up being cheaper per life saved.

    Is it time to start in on the driver behavior? Cars that can only go 70 mph or a breathalizer test as part of turning the ignition?
    Mike

  2. Tom Vanderbilt Says:

    It’s a good question, Mike. Perhaps in an ideal world every last mile of rural interstate would have wire-fencing in between lanes, but what’s the cost of that, not only versus other traffic interventions, but other societal costs as well — would that money not be better put toward, say, education? (I mean schools, not driver education). There’s a philosophical divide here between the people argue for full driver responsibility (the dagger protruding from the steering wheel argument), and those who think roads should have safety measures so that even drunks get home safely.

    I’m not at either extreme, but the problem with the second school of course is offsetting behavior (risk compensation, etc.); if drunks feel safer what’s the increased risk for everyone else? John Adams makes the point: “The central tenet of cost benefit analysis states that a change from the status quo can only be considered an improvement if it makes at least one person better off while leaving no one worse off.” And there have arguably been traffic engineering interventions that, while making things safer for drivers, may have increased risk for other road users.

    And on another note, it’s also been pointed out to me that simply blaming crashes on “bad drivers” may have the undesired effect of leaving the average person (who already thinks they’re an ‘above-average driver’) thinking that crashes are something that happen to ‘other people.’

    But all in all, I agree that a proper discussion and consideration of driver behavior(s) has been rather slighted.

  3. MikeOnBike Says:

    Does “dangerous” mean the likelihood of crashing? Or does it mean how badly you’ll be hurt (or killed) if you do crash?

    We’ve spent a lot of effort over the years making cars that can crash “safely” and modifying road designs (engineering).

    We seem to have spent a lot less effort over the years preventing crashes in the first place, such as by expecting drivers to behave better (education, enforcement).

  4. Gary Godfrey Says:

    I wonder if some of the same tactics used for traffic calming might also work on highways? What if long stretches of road just had periodic lines words or cartoons? How about making periodic rough sections? I wonder if just simple painted horizontal lines would make it seem like you’re traveling faster than you really are?

Leave a Reply

Traffic Tom Vanderbilt

How We Drive is the companion blog to Tom Vanderbilt’s New York Times bestselling book, Traffic: Why We Drive the Way We Do (and What It Says About Us), published by Alfred A. Knopf in the U.S. and Canada, Penguin in the U.K, and in languages other than English by a number of other fine publishers worldwide.

Please send tips, news, research papers, links, photos (bad road signs, outrageous bumper stickers, spectacularly awful acts of driving or parking or anything traffic-related), or ideas for my Slate.com Transport column to me at: info@howwedrive.com.

For publicity inquiries, please contact Kate Runde at Vintage: krunde@randomhouse.com.

For editorial inquiries, please contact Zoe Pagnamenta at The Zoe Pagnamenta Agency: zoe@zpagency.com.

For speaking engagement inquiries, please contact
Kim Thornton at the Random House Speakers Bureau: rhspeakers@randomhouse.com.

Order Traffic from:

Amazon | B&N | Borders
Random House | Powell’s

[del.icio.us] [Digg] [Facebook] [Google] [MySpace] [Slashdot] [StumbleUpon] [Yahoo!]
U.S. Paperback UK Paperback
Traffic UK
Drive-on-the-left types can order the book from Amazon.co.uk.

For UK publicity enquiries please contact Rosie Glaisher at Penguin.

Upcoming Talks

April 9, 2008.
California Office of Traffic Safety Summit
San Francisco, CA.

May 19, 2009
University of Minnesota Center for Transportation Studies
Bloomington, MN

June 23, 2009
Driving Assessment 2009
Big Sky, Montana

June 26, 2009
PRI World Congress
Rotterdam, The Netherlands

June 27, 2009
Day of Architecture
Utrecht, The Netherlands

July 13, 2009
Association of Transportation Safety Information Professionals (ATSIP)
Phoenix, AZ.

August 12-14
Texas Department of Transportation “Save a Life Summit”
San Antonio, Texas

September 2, 2009
Governors Highway Safety Association Annual Meeting
Savannah, Georgia

September 11, 2009
Oregon Transportation Summit
Portland, Oregon

October 8
Honda R&D Americas
Raymond, Ohio

October 10-11
INFORMS Roundtable
San Diego, CA

October 21, 2009
California State University-San Bernardino, Leonard Transportation Center
San Bernardino, CA

November 5
Southern New England Planning Association Planning Conference
Uncasville, Connecticut

January 6
Texas Transportation Forum
Austin, TX

January 19
Yale University
(with Donald Shoup; details to come)

Monday, February 22
Yale University School of Architecture
Eero Saarinen Lecture

Friday, March 19
University of Delaware
Delaware Center for Transportation

April 5-7
University of Utah
Salt Lake City
McMurrin Lectureship

April 19
International Bridge, Tunnel and Turnpike Association (Organization Management Workshop)
Austin, Texas

Monday, April 26
Edmonton Traffic Safety Conference
Edmonton, Canada

Monday, June 7
Canadian Association of Road Safety Professionals
Niagara Falls, Ontario

Wednesday, July 6
Fondo de Prevención Vial
Bogotá, Colombia

Tuesday, August 31
Royal Automobile Club
Perth, Australia

Wednesday, September 1
Australasian Road Safety Conference
Canberra, Australia

Wednesday, September 22

Wisconsin Department of Transportation’s
Traffic Incident Management Enhancement Program
Statewide Conference
Wisconsin Dells, WI

Wednesday, October 20
Rutgers University
Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation
Piscataway, NJ

Tuesday, March 8, 2011
Ontario Injury Prevention Resource Centre
Injury Prevention Forum
Toronto

Monday, May 2
Idaho Public Driver Education Conference
Boise, Idaho

Tuesday, June 2, 2011
California Association of Cities
Costa Mesa, California

Sunday, August 21, 2011
American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Wednesday, October 26, 2011
Attitudes: Iniciativa Social de Audi
Madrid, Spain

April 16, 2012
Institute for Sensible Transport Seminar
Gardens Theatre, QUT
Brisbane, Australia

April 17, 2012
Institute for Sensible Transport Seminar
Centennial Plaza, Sydney
Sydney, Australia

April 19, 2012
Institute for Sensible Transport Seminar
Melbourne Town Hall
Melbourne, Australia

January 30, 2013
University of Minnesota City Engineers Association Meeting
Minneapolis, MN

January 31, 2013
Metropolis and Mobile Life
School of Architecture, University of Toronto

February 22, 2013
ISL Engineering
Edmonton, Canada

March 1, 2013
Australian Road Summit
Melbourne, Australia

May 8, 2013
New York State Association of
Transportation Engineers
Rochester, NY

August 18, 2013
BoingBoing.com “Ingenuity” Conference
San Francisco, CA

September 26, 2013
TransComm 2013
(Meeting of American Association
of State Highway and Transportation
Officials’ Subcommittee on Transportation
Communications.
Grand Rapids MI

 

 

[del.icio.us] [Digg] [Facebook] [Google] [MySpace] [Slashdot] [StumbleUpon] [Yahoo!]
Twitter
February 2009
M T W T F S S
« Jan   Mar »
 1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
232425262728